Is it possible to suggest that the Paracas skulls are the missing link in the origin of mankind? Do they belong to a species that did not originate on Earth? Or are they just another example of cranial deformation?
DNA tests on bizarre elongated 2,000-year old skulls, which it has been suggested could come from aliens, have raised more question marks about their origins.
The skulls, found in Peru, created waves in 2014 after a geneticist undertook preliminary DNA tests, and reported unknown results. It was suggested they had mitochondrial DNA “with mutations unknown in any human, primate, or animal known so far”.
A second round of DNA tests have now been carried out – which some saying the results are just as controversial – leading to further speculation the skull’s former owners may not have been from this planet.
Ancient practice of head elongation
Elongated skulls were caused by ancient civilisations purposefully mutilating their skulls from a young age. It was done by binding the head between two pieces of wood, or binding in cloth.
Interestingly, the practice of skull elongation has been found in many different and unconnected cultures. The Mangbetu tribe of Africa, the Huns of Asia, and the Chinookan tribes of North America all practiced it. Elongated skulls have also been discovered in Mexico and Australia.
A number of elongated skulls have been found in Australia which is the oldest one recorded. They have been estimated to be more than 14,000 years old. Thus it suggests that this practice originated during the end of the era of Stone Age.
What official study says?
Alien conspiracy theorists always had a great interest due to the enlarged craniums produced, which appear similar to the mythological alien grey species.
The new tests on the skulls have, however, not aided the alien theory, but have raised new questions about how the Americas were populated.
Samples were taken from hair and bone powder, taken drilling deep into a skull’s foramen magnum. They were then sent to three labs in Canada, and two in the US, for tests.
Geneticists were told the samples were from an ancient mummy, to avoid any preconceptions. The skulls were now found to have European and Middle Eastern Origin, raising questions over when man first travelled from Eurasia to the Americas, as they are 2,000 to 3,000 years old.
Paracas skulls – unknown origin
Paracas is a desert peninsula in Pisco Province on the south coast of Peru.
Around 300 of the amazing skulls were found by Peruvian archaeologist Julio Tello in 1928 in an elaborate graveyard. But there still remains a mystery over the shape of the Paracas skulls. Cranial deformation changed the shape of a skull, but in normal cases did not alter other features. However, the Paracas skulls have other unusual features and are the biggest elongated skulls ever found.
Author and researcher LA Marzulli told Ancient Origins: “There is a possibility that it might have been cradle headboarded, but the reason why I don’t think so is because the position of the foramen magnum is back towards the rear of the skull.
“A normal foramen magnum would be closer to the jaw line.” He said an archaeologist has written a paper about his study of the position of the foramen magnum.
He added: “The archaeologist states that the Paracas skulls, the position of the foramen magnum is completely different than a normal human being, it is also smaller, which lends itself to our theory that this is not cradle headboarding, this is genetic.”
Mr Marzulli claimed some of the Paracas skulls also have very pronounced cheek bones, different eye sockets and no connective tissue joint between the two parietal bones of the skull.
There is a disease known as craniosynostosis, which results in the fusing together of the two parietal plates, however, Mr Marzulli said there is no evidence of this disease in the Paracas skulls. He stopped short of suggesting they were of alien origin, but the mystery of exactly where they came from looks set to continue.
According to Brien Foerster, “It had mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA) with mutations unknown in any human, primate, or animal known so far.”